This is in fact, not very much than it is now asserted in different countries. At present, in Africa mostly violated and then comes the rest of the world where gender inequality is perceived to bloom. Injustice given to the women seems to be increasing.
In Africa, the most commonly occurring of rape in each three to six seconds. Considering the U. In any case, this tragic event is the top of iceberg. However, Customs such as female genital mutilation continues as to be devastating many communities of practice; the British medical authorities and doctors warned that the first few weeks, in a recent immigrant to look at it. The activities of gender responsibilities, roles, and rights in a society of normal men and women appropriately follow.
In Africa there is no single model of gender roles.
How Empowering Women Can Help End Poverty in Africa
Different cultures on the African continent, the role of men and women, many different ideas, although in general women are subordinate in public life and family life of the man. Such as gender roles, sexual behavior and sexual attitudes of different standards of conduct extensive in Africa. African traditional culture has been clear that men and women have different roles in society.
Girls and boys grow up; they know what kind of society they are growing in. Because of their livestock to boys, girls will be responsible for the firewood and water, while children hunting, girls will improve the strength in mainly the cooking. Same goes to the women. Therefore, their life will want to live in this old model is more based on social norms and less based on personal desire. This caused by the change between the various regions of the world significantly. Women account for a lower proportion of people living with HIV. However, Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa are the main regions, where this ratio is quite high.
However, infection rates increased over the years and HIV and AIDS has surpassed the number of women and infection is still more than men. Sub-Saharan Africa is the world where the majority of heterosexual HIV spread occurs during sexual contact areas. Since women are double, they are more likely to obtain than from a man of unprotected heterosexual intercourse in HIV-infected partner, women disproportionately infected in the region.
Women are better off today, but still far from being equal with men
Mother to child transmission MTCT is a problem, directly affecting women. Women when documents in pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding the baby of the virus.
UNAIDS said that in the last of , an estimation of two and a half million children 15 years old infected with HIV, most of them will be infected if not treated their mothers. They could live up to maximum 27 years of age; the high numbers of children would possibly not live to their adult life.
In the ongoing years, pharmaceutical companies have been substantially lowered, such as AZT and nevirapine drug, which in developing countries to prevent mother to child spread of HIV to help prices.
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However, due to limited human resources and poor infrastructure, many women still do not get these drugs. Women who are victims of sexual violence were at higher risk of HIV infection, and lack of condom use rape and forced nature means that more women vulnerable to HIV infection immediately.
A South African study concluded that their partners who are beaten or dominated by women more vulnerable to HIV infection, a woman who was not. Another couples in India found that the spread of HIV, not only in a very abusive relationships largely occurs, but abusive husband.
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HIV infection is more likely than non-abusive husbands. Social and economic policies favored by the colonial state men generally.
Since independence, the role differences in men and women, and even the laws as a result of greater. Thus, women lag behind others in education, literacy, and in getting good jobs. In the current world women, the third world especially, has given an unfair treatment. No wonder the major international issue has been the gender inequality. In Africa, the gender inequality is worse than the previous few decades ago. Obviously, the West may bring a lot of benefits, but gender equality is not one of them.
Economists have generally focused on the per capita income as the main indicator. In mainstream economic theory, education is often represents a key aspect of human capital, with a positive factor into the production function. Men and women with lower education, lower level of human capital transformation.
There are also some strong arguments to support economic growth beyond the direct impact of female education more positive impact. In general, support the existence of such indirect effects, higher female education to make women more informed mothers, thus helping to reduce child mortality and malnutrition. Increasing the proportion of educated women may also help to reduce fertility. In general, female education is negatively related to low fertility and low birth rate is related to dependency ratio.
Conversely, low dependency ratio is associated with higher income. In many of the African countries, men have been given the part to be the political and business leaders, community development and women at the forefront of the leadership of the family. These people have proven time to time, that unity is real power. Always being the sources of economic power, which in turn makes them much-needed self-esteem.
In China, many people were unable to provide the leadership was mainly due to the requirements of professional and downright laziness and apathy. Women have been at the forefront of transformation in South Africa, yet their contributions to social change are often under-represented. The Republic of South Africa RSA — since — has enjoyed much recognition as an exemplary country to political offices. The representation of women in the South African Parliament has increased from This puts RSA amongst the leading countries in the world in terms of the number of women in important leadership positions.
However, although some progress has been accomplished on women representation in senior management in the public service, the low representation of women in corporate decision-making positions in the private sector remains a challenge. At the core of government policies on women is a dual strategy aimed at dealing with the legacy of apartheid and the transformation of society, particularly the transformation of power relations between women and men. Women have played an enormous role in ensuring that RSA is liberated. One cannot forget the popular march of August where they marched to Union Buildings to contest the pass laws.
Women in the new RSA are facing huge challenges such as rape, verbal abuse, human trafficking which is described by many experts as modern day slavery etc.
The problem of gender inequality in africa
Others are facing challenges of ensuring that they provide food on the table for their families. The role of women in the apartheid era has paved a way for everyone in RSA. Women are known as the backbone and pillars of strength for many households both in rural and urban RSA.
After she left the position, Baleka Mbethe filled her position. However, some South Africans feel that women have not been given enough justice when it comes to the issues of equality in terms of job opportunities. The establishment of the Department of Women, Children and People with Disabilities DWCPD in was celebrated as a major milestone in the quest for the emancipation of women and their empowerment. The DWCPD is largely meant to champion the cause of women and ensure alignment amongst government structures and between government and social partners on matters related to the emancipation and development of women.
The year marks 18 years of democracy in RSA and the post-apartheid government is empowering women in all aspects. The new RSA wants women to be visible in all fraternities; however, there are bottlenecks. Women are still seen as people who should be in the kitchen. The apartheid government provided blacks with no chance, including women. Blacks were never allowed to participate in the mainstream economy during the apartheid regime. The post-apartheid regime is getting away with the notion that women should be working in the kitchen or babysitting. The Post regime is trying to give women every platform to express their opinions without fear or favour.
They are being capacitated so as to better their lives. One would recall that the apartheid regime never attempted to give them any chance. Whereas the post-apartheid regime has given them a platform to be more vocal about any issue. The Post government has some positive things to point out for women empowerment, while on the other hand there are shortcomings or bottlenecks.
RSA has a huge task ahead to root out all issues affecting women. Of course, one has to be aware that those challenges will not be resolved overnight. It requires every individual in the society to be involved. Society should admire women instead of ill-treating them. We must all recall that women are often the cornerstone of every society and we need to salute them. The interesting thing about the post-apartheid regime is that women are being introduced in all sectors that were previously deemed as mainly the domain of men. For example, the built environment civil, mechanical, electrical engineering and quantity surveying used to be regarded as a career solely for men; however, things have changed now.
As part of nation building, women are being capacitated so that they do not feel like they are locked out of the world of opportunities. Women nowadays want to participate in the mainstream economy. Indeed, women were at the forefront of transformation in RSA. However, the post-apartheid era has brought new challenges for them, for instance, abuse, rape, poverty and inequality as it has been aforementioned. If this is anything to go by we are basically saying women have no space to enjoy themselves in our society.
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We are all asking ourselves as to what has gone wrong to the people out there. Women are living in fear because men have become monsters.
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